Ataniyazova Bahar1, Jeyhunov Atajan Jeyhun ogly2
1Dovletmammet Azadi Turkmen National Institute of World Languages, Senior Lecturer in the Department of Near Eastern Languages
2Magtymguly Turkmen State University, Lecturer in the Department of English Stylistics and Grammar

This article is about thorough study of one of the greatest poets of world history. Magtymguly Pyragy's brilliant creativity brought world fame to the Turkmen people and made a great contribution to the literary treasury not only of our people, but also of other peoples of the world. After reciting the poems of the great sage, several scholars of the world analyzed them meaningfully and gave them a high value among their works.

Keywords: 300th anniversary, collections of poems, foreign scholars, Magtymguly Pyragy, poetry, works of poet

Category: Literature

Article reference:
Ataniyazova B., Jeyhunov A.J.o. The first works in the study of Magtymguly // Humanities scientific researches. 2023. № 10 [Electronic journal]. URL:

View this article in Russian

As a result of the tireless efforts of our Hero Arkadag and Arkadag Serdar during the Revival of the New Era of the Powerful State, Magtymguly’s dignity was raised even higher. A thorough study of the personality and literary heritage of our great thinker and its dissemination to the public in world languages have been established so that it can be properly recognized and consumed worldwide. The preparations for the 300th anniversary of the poet are a clear example of this. [1]

Today, the extensive study of Magtymguly, preparation for printing and publishing goes back to the middle of the 19th century. The first work on the poet was the English translation of Magtymguly’s three poems published in 1842 in London by Alexander Hodzko-Boreiko, a Polish scientist who was a Russian diplomat. [2, c. 97]

Then, in the second volume of the three-volume book “Turkish Chrestomathies” by Ilya Nikolayevich Berezin, a professor of Kazan and St. Petersburg universities, Magtymguly gives a poem in the original (in Arabic writing in Turkmen). [2, c. 97]

In 1872, F. Bakulin published a work called “Turkmen songs and their poet Magtymguly” in Tiblisi, consisting of a little information about the poet and a Russian translation of two of his poems. [2, c. 98]

One of the most famous works that provides information about Magtymguly is the Hungarian Orientalist and Turkologist Armeniy Vamberi, who has collected all his experiences in Turkestan, especially the Turkmen land as a dervish, in his book “Central Asia Travel”. The Scholar published about 40 poems of Magtymguly. He published thirty-one of them in 1879 in Leipzig in Turkmen and German languages. In his work entitled “Turkmen language and Magtymguly’s poem collections” which is included in the collection of the German Eastern Society, he placed some parts from ten poems of the poet. [2, c. 98]

In 1907, Russian orientalist N.A. Ostroumov published several poems of the poet in the “Turkestan local newspaper” in Tashkent. Then in 1911 he published it as a separate booklet. After N.A. Ostroumov, Mirzakhyt Mirsydyk’s son also publishes the book “Thirty-two tribes’ story and Magtymguly” in Tashkent in 1911. In 1912, Abdyrahman Nyazy published a collection of poems consisting of forty-five poems by Magtymguly in Astrakhan. [2, c. 98]

Russian orientalist Aleksandr Nikolayevich Samoylovich is considered one of the first Magtymgulists as a scientist who has done more work related to Magtymguly’s creativity. The scientist who traveled to Turkmenistan in 1902, 1907 and 1908 brought a total of 197 poems of the poet to the public. A.N.Samoylovich also wrote several articles about Magtymguly and widely introduced his literary personality to the scientific community.[2, c. 98]

Also, the lithographs of Magtymguly Pyragy’s divan published by Arif Janov in Tashkent (1910), by Gurbanberdi Gurgeni in Bukhara (1912-19130), and by Sheikh Muhsin Fani in Istanbul (1921) play a very important role in spreading the poet’s legacy. [2, c. 100]

The first edition of Magtymguly’s poems published in Ashgabat in 1926, prepared for publication by Berdi Kerbabaev, a folk writer of Turkmenistan, is also of particular importance. [3, c. 5]

Baimuhammet Garryev, Akhundov Gurgenli, Zuleyha Muhammedova, Mati Kosayev can be mentioned as the first Turkmen scientists who worked extensively on the study of Magtymguly’s period, life, personality and creativity. [2, c. 99]

In conclusion, Magtymguly Pyragy is one of the great thinkers who left an indelible mark on Eastern literature and whose name is written in golden letters in the world of poetry. He is a thinker and poet who developed the philosophical ideas not only of the Turkmen people, but also of the world, enlightened the artistic mind, and artistically reflected the secular life. We are not wrong to call him the ruler who wears the crown of the world of poetry.

  1. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow. Ynsan kalbynyň öçmejek nury. Aşgabat. 2014.
  2. Hudaýberdiýew B. Mahtumkulu Firakinin şiirlerinde tasavvufi kavramlar. Kastamonu. 2021
  3. Magtymguly. Goşgulary. Aşgabat. 1926. (köne türkmen ýazuwynda)

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